Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


© CSR, 2008-2015
ISSN 2071-789X



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  • General Founder and Publisher:


    Centre of Sociological Research

  • Publishing Partners:

     
     
    University of Szczecin (Poland)


    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

     

     
     
    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations (Slovak Republic)



     
    University of Entrepreneurship and Law, (Czech Republic)

     

  • Membership:


    American Sociological Association


    European Sociological Association


    World Economics Association (WEA)

     


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WHY ARE WOMEN DISCRIMINATED AGAINST ON THE LABOUR MARKET IN POLAND? – THE RESULTS OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY

Vol. 1, No 1, 2008

Dr Patrycja Zwiech 

Department of Microeconomics 

University of Szczecin 

64, Mickiewicza Street, 71-101 Szczecin, Poland 

Phone +4891/4442092, fax +4891/4442137 

E-mail: patrycjazwiech@tlen.pl,  http://mikro.univ.szczecin.pl/zwiech 


WHY ARE WOMEN DISCRIMINATED AGAINST ON THE LABOUR 

MARKET IN POLAND? – THE RESULTS OF THE QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY  


Abstract 

As far as professional life is concerned, major differences are observed with reference 

to the situation of women and men, which is reflected in the research indicating that women 

occupy worse position on the labour market and showing the determinants of such a situation. 

Women earn less, hold lower positions, receive professional training more seldom than men 

and have greater problems getting a job in the majority of the EU Member States (including 

Poland). Although complex legislation on equal rights for women has come into force in the 

European Union, providing the legislation on equal rights for women does not automatically 

entail economic equality. The present paper aims at drawing the attention of Ukrainian 

researchers and practitioners in the field of economics to issues relating to discrimination 

against women and particularly to the reasons for such a state of affairs and to the necessity 

for adjusting to legal determinants.   

 The paper presents questionnaire survey on discrimination against women on the 

labour market. The group of 602  persons holding managerial position participated in the 

survey. The group examined consisted of 304 managers and 298 manageresses from three 

subregions of Poland, namely szczeciński, koszaliński and poznański. The survey was 

conducted in June and July 2004.  

The paper attempts to answer the fundamental question, namely why women are 

discriminated against on the labour market in Poland. Seeking  the answer, factors potentially 

affecting discrimination against women on the labour market have been grouped into four 

spheres. These groups included the following: determinants on a micro scale referring to women 

themselves; determinants on a micro scale referring to enterprises, employers and employees; the 

remaining determinants on a micro scale as well as determinants on a macro scale.   

 

Key words:  discrimination against women, gender studies, Poland