Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


© CSR, 2008-2015
ISSN 2071-789X



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    Centre of Sociological Research

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    University of Szczecin (Poland)


    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

     

     
     
    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations (Slovak Republic)



     
    University of Entrepreneurship and Law, (Czech Republic)

     

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Approach of the SME Entrepreneurs to Financial Risk Management in Relation to Gender and Level of Education

Vol. 8, No 4, 2015

Jaroslav Belás

 

Department of Enterprise Economics,

Tomas Bata University in Zlin, Zlin, Czech Republic

 

belas111@gmail.com

APPROACH OF THE SME ENTREPRENEURS TO FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT IN RELATION TO GENDER AND LEVEL

OF EDUCATION

Aleksandr Ključnikov

 

Department of Entrepreneurship and Management,

University of Business and Law, Ostrava, Czech Republic

 

kliuchnikov@gmail.com

 

Sergej Vojtovič

 

Department of Management and Human Resources Development,

Alexander Dubcek University of Trencin,

Trencin, Slovakia,

 

sergej.vojtovic@tnuni.sk

 

Monika Sobeková-Májková

 

Pan-European University, Bratislava, Slovakia,

 

monika.majkova@centrum.sk

 

Abstract. Financial risk management is an important area of management of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The ability of SMEs to grow highly depends on their potential to invest money to the development of their companies. These investments need capital and therefore an access to internal or external financial sources. Many authors agree that SMEs have restricted access to external sources of financing. The aim of this article is to define and compare important determinants of financial risk in the segment of small and medium-sized enterprises. The research of entrepreneurs' opinions was carried out in 2015 in the Czech Republic, and was focused of the investigation of the influence of such factors as gender and level of education of entrepreneurs on the approach to financial risk management. We found  out  that  three quarters of entrepreneurs in the segment of SMEs in the Czech Republic perceive the intense action of financial risk, but at the same time their ability to properly manage financial risks in the segment of SMEs is not at an appropriate level. The importance of financial risk increased during the crisis, which is reflected in the challenging approach of SMEs to external funding. We found that only relatively small number of entrepreneurs creates the financial reserves in their companies, and so this approach does not have the significant weight in the SME segment. Significant differences in approaches of the SME entrepreneurs to financial risk management in relation to gender and level of education were not identified.

 

Received: June, 2015

1st Revision: October, 2015

Accepted: December, 2015

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2015/8-4/2

JEL Classification: L26, O16, G32

Keywords: small and medium enterprises, gender of entrepreneurs, education of entrepreneurs, financial risk management.