Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


© CSR, 2008-2015
ISSN 2071-789X



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    Centre of Sociological Research

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    University of Szczecin (Poland)


    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

     

     
     
    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations (Slovak Republic)



     
    University of Entrepreneurship and Law, (Czech Republic)

     

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Private Lessons as an Instrument for Middle Class Status Struggle in Post-socialist Societies: Poland and Ukraine Case Studies

Vol. 9, No 1, 2016

Piotr Długosz

 

University of Rzeszów, Rzeszów, Poland,

 

pdlugosz@ur.edu.pl

PRIVATE LESSONS

AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR MIDDLE CLASS STATUS STRUGGLE IN POST- SOCIALIST SOCIETIES: POLAND AND UKRAINE CASE STUDIES

 

 

 

Abstract.The aim of  the article is to present the results of the research on taking private lessons among Polish and Ukrainian youth. The research was conducted in Polish-Ukrainian borderlands among upper secondary school  graduates,  with  the  use   of   survey   method. 717 respondents were Polish, whereas 584 were Ukrainian. The results of research show that 62% of Polish students were taking private lessons, while in the Ukraine the number was 69%. Private lessons were taken especially by the students whose parents were educated, had higher positions at work and overall better economic background. The respondents taking private lessons had higher level of cultural capital measured by the number of books, better school achievements and high educational aspirations. The main purpose of taking private lessons was to increase the potential maturity exam results and to have further more chances of entering a prestigious university. The research reveals that the main adaptation strategy of the middle class confronting educational inflation and the risk of declassing is increasing educational expenditures. Eventually, such actions lead to further widening of education gap.

 

Received: November, 2015

1st Revision: October, 2015

Accepted: December, 2015

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071- 789X.2016/9-1/12

JEL Classification: I21, I24, J24

Keywords: educational sociology, private tutoring, adaptation strategies, middle class, survey, Polish, Ukrainian.