Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


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ISSN 2071-789X



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    Centre of Sociological Research

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    University of Szczecin (Poland)


    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

     

     
     
    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations (Slovak Republic)



     
    University of Entrepreneurship and Law, (Czech Republic)

     

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The Role of Entrepreneur´s Gender, Age and Firm´s Age in Autonomy. The Case Study from the Czech Republic

Vol. 9, No 2, 2016

Ludmila Kozubíková

 

Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Zlín, Czech Republic,

 

kozubikova@fame.utb.cz

THE ROLE OF ENTREPRENEUR´S GENDER, AGE AND FIRM´S AGE IN  AUTONOMY. THE CASE STUDY FROM THE CZECH REPUBLIC

Sergej Vojtovič

 

Alexander Dubcek University of Trencin,

Trencin, Slovakia

 

sergej.vojtovic@tnuni.sk

 

Ashigur Rahman

 

Tomas Bata University in Zlín, Zlín, Czech Republic

 

rahman@fame.utb.cz

 

Luboš Smrčka

 

University of Economics Prague, Prague, Czech Republic,

 

smrckal@vse.cz

 

Abstract.The aim of this article is to explore the question of autonomy as an element of entrepreneurial orientation (EO) in the segment of small and medium- sized enterprises (SMEs) in the Czech Republic. In relation to the independence of the researched companies, we have investigated whether the evaluation of an independent position of the companies differs according to three criteria: gender, age of the entrepreneur, and time of the company spent in the market. The researched entrepreneurs were divided into men and women, entrepreneurs "younger" (under the age of 45) and "older" (45+), and into "beginners and advanced" (1-10 years in business) and "experienced" (more than 10 years in business). The results showed that 46 % of the respondents perceive their companies as independent, 65% of them have reasonably autonomous staff in their companies, and 71% support the initiative of their employees in business opportunities. In relation to the criteria examined, we have found out that gender does not play the differencing role in autonomy between men and women. However, entrepreneur´s age and firm´s age do so. 68% of "experienced" companies are statistically more aware of the fact that staff in their company is reasonably autonomous in comparison with the “novice and advanced” companies. Furthermore, "younger" entrepreneurs support the initiative of their employees more (64%) than “older” entrepreneurs.

 

Received: January, 2016

1st Revision: March, 2016

Accepted:  May, 2016

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071- 789X.2016/9-2/12

JEL Classification: L26, M21

Keywords: small and           medium-sized enterprises, autonomy, entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneur´s gender, entrepreneur´s age, firm´s age..