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ISSN 2071-789X



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Issues of Latvian Energy Supply Security: Evaluation of Criminal Offences in Latvia’s Electricity Market

Vol. 9, No 4, 2016

Edvīns Šincāns,

 

Daugavpils University, Daugavpils, Latvia, Edvins.Sincans@latvenergo.lv

 

ISSUES OF LATVIAN ENERGY SUPPLY SECURITY: EVALUATION OF CRIMINAL OFFENCES

IN LATVIA’S ELECTRICITY MARKET

 

Svetlana Ignatjeva,

 

Daugavpils University, Daugavpils, Latvia,

Svetlana.ignatjeva@du.lv

 

Manuela Tvaronavičienė,

 

Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Vilnius, Lithuania,

manuela.tvaronaviciene@vgtu.lt

Abstract.Recognized criminal offences in the field of electrical power engineering services do harm to energy supply merchants, users of electric energy, and human lives and health, and leave a negative effect on economic development. According to Directive 2009/72/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13th July 2009 concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity and repealing Directive 2003/54/EC cancellation requirements, doing historically important electric energy market opening process, it is important to promote more effective measures for the prevention of security threats and  criminal offences to energy supply objects.

Latvian energy supply security is one of the key areas of energy policies implementation for the next seven years. Led by this aim, the Ministry of Economics has developed energy development guidelines for the period of 2016– 2020 (2016), giving suggestions to Latvian government’s basic political principles, aims,  and action  directions in energy for the next five years. The Cabinet of Ministers has confirmed the guidelines. In order to successfully carry out the abovementioned basic principles, it is necessary to strengthen the prevention of threats to energy supply security, and the specifics of counteraction should be examined within the framework of prevention and combating of crimes, in order to contribute to economic development.

The present research sought to obtain specialists’ opinions about criminal offences, specifics of such offences, and possible solutions. The research was conducted in 2015, when Latvia achieved historically significant electric energy market opening process. The analysis of the results of the questionnaire and statistical data concluded that successful combating of criminal offences in electric energy market primarily depends on police resources, energy supply, merchant’s technical solutions, and specialists’ cooperation.

 

Received: June, 2016

1st Revision: October, 2016

Accepted: November, 2016

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2016/9-4/20

JEL Classification: Q41, Q48

Keywords: energy security, electric energy market, criminal offences, Latvia.