Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


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ISSN 2071-789X



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    Centre of Sociological Research

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Patient Cross-Border Mobility: New Findings and Implications in Spanish Regions

Vol. 10, No 1, 2017

Carla Blázquez-Fernández,

 

University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain,

carla.blazquez@unican.es

PATIENT CROSS-BORDER MOBILITY: NEW FINDINGS AND IMPLICATIONS IN SPANISH REGIONS

 

David Cantarero-Prieto,

 

University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain,

david.cantarero@unican.es

 

Marta Pascual-Sáez,

 

University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain,

marta.pascual@unican.es

 

Abstract. Spain has a National Health Service with a mixed public-private funded system. In the last decades, a huge effort has gone into reducing barriers to patient migration. We estimate a panel data based on a gravity model of migration since the process of health care decentralization has been completed in Spain. Our empirical results show that income is one of the most important drivers in explaining mobility as well as supply variables. Individual characteristics are not among the main factors for mobility. Besides, it is demonstrated there is a quality-driven mobility in Spain. However, there was no significant difference in the influence on patients’ mobility between those living in the North of the country and the Mediterranean regions. The empirical results also suggest that current regional health policies in Spain, that explain patients’ mobility, should be associated with greater funding system.

 

Received: September, 2016

1st Revision: October, 2016

Accepted: December, 2016

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071- 789X.2017/10-1/1

JEL Classification: I10, I18

Keywords: health care, patient migration, panel data, Spain.