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  • General Founder and Publisher:


    Centre of Sociological Research

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    University of Szczecin (Poland)


    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

     

     
     
    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations (Slovak Republic)



     
    University of Entrepreneurship and Law, (Czech Republic)

     

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    World Economics Association (WEA)

     


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LOCAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP WINDOWS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE EASTERN POLAND’S RURAL AREAS

Vol. 2, No 1a, 2009

 

 

Local Entrepreneurship

Windows in the development

 of the Eastern Poland’s

rural areas

 

Alicja Mierosławska

 

Abstract.Multi-annual social and economic processes as well as political system transformation have shaped the present economic status of rural areas, including the structure of rural population’s sources of income. The results of these processes are expressed in particular in: decreasing role of agriculture in employment and creation of rural population’s income; growing importance of non-agricultural activities with respect to job and income creation; weakened role of hired labour outside of rural areas (shuttle migration); significant professional deactivation of rural population as a result of demographic changes, social policy solutions and economic regression in many regions; decreased demand for agricultural products, which contributes to insufficient exploitation of productive potential and unemployment; disadvantageous price relations, which lead to transfer of value added outside of agriculture; increasing diversification of economic situation in the rural areas.

 

Keywords: Rural areas, Local Entrepreneurship Windows.


References:


1.Czudec A. (ed.), Innowacyjność jako czynnik rozwoju przedsiębiorczości na obszarach wiejskich [Innovativeness as an entrepreneurship development factor in rural areas],University of Rzeszów, Faculty of Economics, Rzeszów 2007

2.Ministry of Regional Development, Efekty polityki spójności UE w Polsce, dokument problemowy, [Effects of the EU Cohesion Policy in Poland, non-paper] Warszawa, August 2009

3.Gospodarowicz M., Kołodziejczyk D., Wasilewski A.: Działalność samorządów lokalnych na rzecz rozwoju nierolniczych dziedzin gospodarczych [Local self-governments’ activity toward the development of non-agricultural economic activity fields], Raport PW no 70, IAFE-NRI, Warszawa 2007

4.Kłodziński M.- ed.: Wyzwania przed obszarami wiejskimi and rolnictwem w perspektywie lat 2014-2020 [Challenges for rural areas and agriculture in the perspective of 2014-2020 period], Institute of Rural and Agricultural Development of Polish Academy of Sciences, Warszawa 2008 

5.Ministry of Regional Development, Efekty polityki spójności UE w Polsce, dokument problemowy, [Effects of the EU Cohesion Policy in Poland, non-paper] Warszawa, August 2009

6.Słomińska B., Gmina w procesach stymulowania przedsiębiorczości [Gmina in the entrepreneurship stimulation processes], Samorząd Terytorialny 3 (195), 2007

7.Skowider J., Załęska A. Instrumenty stymulowania rozwoju lokalnego obszarów wiejskich przez władze lokalne [Instruments for stimulating the local development of rural areas by local authorities] [in:] Adamowicz M., Samorządy and społeczności lokalne w zrównoważonym rozwoju obszarów wiejskich [Selfgovernments and local communities in sustainable develo pment of rural areas], SGGW, Prace Naukowe No 40, Warszawa 2006 


dr Alicja Mierosławska

Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics

National Research Institute

Warsaw, ul. Świętokrzyska 20 

mieroslawska@ierigz.waw.pl