Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


© CSR, 2008-2015
ISSN 2071-789X



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  • General Founder and Publisher:


    Centre of Sociological Research

  • Publishing Partners:

     
     
    University of Szczecin (Poland)


    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

     

     
     
    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations (Slovak Republic)



     
    University of Entrepreneurship and Law, (Czech Republic)

     

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    World Economics Association (WEA)

     


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Networks Externalities as Social Phenomenon in the Process ICT Diffusion

Vol. 11, No 1, 2018

Ewa Lechman,

 

Gdansk University of Technology,

Gdansk, Poland,

E-mail: eda@zie.pg.gda.pl

NETWORKS EXTERNALITIES AS SOCIAL PHENOMENON IN THE PROCESS ICT DIFFUSION

 

 

 


 

Abstract. This paper is designed to fill the gap in knowledge that we have identified regarding the process of diffusion of information and communication technologies and emerging network effects that significantly enhance spread of these technologies. We contribute to the present state of the art by examining the process of ICT diffusion in 50 countries, which in 2015 achieved highest ICT penetration rates. With this aim we consider 2 core ICT indicators – mobile cellular telephony and Internet penetration rates; all statistical data are entirely extracted from World Telecommunications / ICT Indicators database 2016. In the research part we demonstrate ICT diffusion curves and examine elementary descriptive statistics to show how fast and pervasively information and communication technologies have evaded telecommunication markets. Next, relying on panel and dynamic panel models we verify the hypothesis on the existence of network effects that enhance rate of ICT diffusion. Our major findings confirm that across countries being in scope of our analysis, the process of ICT diffusion has been significantly attributed to strong network externalities.

 

Received: November, 2017

1st Revision: December, 2017

Accepted: February, 2018

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2018/11-1/2

JEL ClassificationO33, A14, D80

Keywords: ICT, network effects, society