Journal of Scientific Papers

ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


© CSR, 2008-2015
ISSN 2071-789X



Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)


Strike Plagiarism

Partners
  • General Founder and Publisher:


    Centre of Sociological Research

  • Publishing Partners:

     
     
    University of Szczecin (Poland)


    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

     

     
     
    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations (Slovak Republic)



     
    University of Entrepreneurship and Law, (Czech Republic)

     

  • Membership:


    American Sociological Association


    European Sociological Association


    World Economics Association (WEA)

     


    CrossRef

     


Poverty and Ethnic Minorities: The Case of Khmer Households in the Rural Mekong Delta, Vietnam

Vol. 11, No 1, 2018

Diep Thanh Tung,

 

Tra Vinh University,

Tra Vinh, Vietnam,

E-mail: dttung@tvu.edu.vn

POVERTY AND ETHNIC MINORITIES: THE CASE OF KHMER HOUSEHOLDS IN THE RURAL MEKONG DELTA, VIETNAM

 

 


 


 

Abstract. Poverty reduction is one of the outstanding achievements associated with Vietnam's economic growth. However, reducing poverty and inequality among various ethnic groups in Vietnam may be different. The Khmers are one of the ethnic minorities in the country, with their distinctive cultural structure and large populations throughout the country. They live mainly in the Mekong Delta. This study surveyed 390 Khmer households in rural areas of the Mekong Delta to assess their poverty situation and their capacity for income diversification as the way to minimize income fluctuations and vulnerability. The findings reveal that the average income of a Khmer household was much lower than households’ average income in the whole region, evenly compared to the same indicators the same region four years ago. Limited areas of agricultural land per household and low education level among the local laborers are the important factor contributing to the dependence of households on low-skill jobs, thus resulting in low wages. In terms of poverty reduction among policies   Khmer households, income diversification, access to education, infrastructure and credit have shown some positive effects on the probability of a household to escape poverty. Gender inequality and regional disparities are other significant factors in this regard, and thus they need to be addressed in the future policies design.

 

Received: August, 2017

1st Revision: November, 2017

Accepted: January, 2018

 

DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2018/11-1/15

JEL ClassificationI30, D33

Keywords: poverty; inequality; income diversification; Khmer