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ECONOMICS & SOCIOLOGY


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    Centre of Sociological Research

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    University of Szczecin (Poland)


    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

     

     
     
    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations (Slovak Republic)



     
    University of Entrepreneurship and Law, (Czech Republic)

     

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SOURCES OF INCOME AS AN INDICATOR OF CHANGES IN THE FARM FUNCTIONS

Vol. 3, No 1, 2010

Barbara Chmielewska

Institute of Agricultural and Food Economics – National Research Institute

General Economics Department

chmielewska@ierigz.waw.pl

Sources of Income as an Indicator of Changes in the Farm Functions

 

 

ABSTRACT. The report discusses the changes in the functions of agricultural holdings and how this impacts rural development. The functions of agricultural holdings have been identified on the basis of identifying the main sources of income. As a result of the transformation of Polish economy and integration with the EU, the functions of agricultural holdings have to a large extent changed.  Households and production holdings are now treated as two separate entities. At the same time polarization has been noted with two distinct categories of holdings that have emerged: (1) agricultural holdings and commercial farms; (2) subsistence farms, social holdings and recreational holdings. The number of holdings with mixed sources of income has also increased. A farmer family no longer specializes in one domain only and is now multi-professional. In addition, agricultural holdings and rural areas evolved from single-functional to multi-functional in nature.

 

 

Received: January, 2010

1st Revision: March, 2010

Accepted: April, 2010

JEL Classification: Q12, P2

Keywords: functions of agricultural holdings, polarization.