Journal of Scientific Papers


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN 2071-789X

91th percentile
Powered by  Scopus

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

Strike Plagiarism

  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)





Vol. 2, No 1a, 2009







Dainora Grundey


Abstract. Ecological agriculture synthesizes a variety of concepts associated with agricultural practices and their socio-economic impacts and consumer behaviour. In general, it can be argued, ecological agri-business must be ecologically sound, economically viable, and socially responsible (Ikerd, 1994). In this article the situational analysis of ecological agri-business in Western Europe and Lithuania is presented within the framework of eco-marketing and responsible consumer behaviour.


Keywords: agri-business, ecological farming, environmentalism, consumer behaviour, ecological marketing, Europe, Lithuania.


Agricultural situation in the European Union (2000) / 01999, Report COM.

Agriculture in Lithuania 2000: Development and Prospects. (2001) / Lithuanian Institute of Agrarian Economics; authors: D. Stanikunas et al. – Vilnius.

Allen, P., D. Van Dusen, J. Lundy, and S. Gliessman. (1991). Integrating social, environmental, and economic issues in sustainable agriculture, American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, 6(1), pp.34-19.

Altieri M. A. (1989). Agroecology: A New Research and Development Paradigm for World Agriculture // Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. Nr. 27. P. 37-46.

Barker, Joel. 1993. Paradigms, The Business of Discovering the Future, HarperCollins Publisher, New York, NY.  

Brklacich M., Bryant Ch. R., Smith B. (1991). Review and Appraisal of Concept of Sustainable Food production Systems // Environmental Management. Nr. 15. P. 1-14.

Ciegis R. (2002). Sustainable Development and Environment: Economic Approach. (In Lithuanian). Vilnius.

Ciegis, R., Grundey, D. Sustainable Agriculture in Lithuania: Economic and Managerial Issues. ACTA UNIVERSITAS LATVIENSIS, Vol. 690. – Riga: University of Latvia (Latvia), 2005. – P. 327-353.  ISSN 1407-2157.

Costanza R., Daly H. E. (1992). Natural capital and sustainable development // Conservation Biology. Nr. 6. P. 37-46.

Dabbert, S. (1990). Zur optimalen Organisation alternativer landwirtshaftlicher Betriebe – Untersucht am Beispiel organisch-biologischer Haupterwerbsbetriebe in Baden-Wurttemberg.

Daly H. E. (1991). Steady-State Economics, 2nd edition. San Francisco.

DeLind, Laura. (1994). Organic farming and the social context: A challenge for us all, American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, 9(4), pp.146-147.

Economic Performance of Organic farms in Europe / Frank Offermann and Hiltrud Nieberg.- Stuttgart-Hohenheim: 2000. (Organic Farming in Europe: Economics and Policy; 5).

Fiedor B. (2004). Poland’s Agricultural Policy in the Context of the Transformation from CAP to CARP in the Europen Union / In: The Series “Economics and the Environment”. No.32. Ecological agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe. Opole. P.15-26.

Folke C., Perrings Ch., MC Neely J., Mayers N. (1993). Biodiversity Conservation with a Human Face: Ecology, Economics and Policy // Ambio. V 22. Nr. 2-3. P. 62-63.

Gatzweiler F., Hagedorn K. (2002). The Evolution of Institutions of Sustainability in Transition. / In: F. Gatzweiler, R. Judis and K. Hagedorn (eds.), Sustainable Agriculture in Central and Eastern European Countries – Institutional Change in Agriculture and Natural Resources 10, P. 3-16. Aachen.

Goodland R. (1995). The Concept of Environmental Sustainability // Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. Nr. 25. P. 1-24.

Grundey, D. (2009), “Eco-Marketing and Eco-Labelling: Does it Ensure Customer Loyalty for Eco-Products in Lithuania?”, Transformations in Business & Economics, Vol. 8, No 1(16), pp. 152-179.

Holling, C. S.  (1973). Resilience and stability of ecological systems //Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. Nr. 4. P. 1-23. 

Ikerd, J. (1994). “Assessing the health of agroecosystems from a socioeconomic perspective” /Paper presented at 1st International Symposium on Ecosystem Health and Medicine, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, June 19-23, 1994.

Ikerd, John E., Sandra J. Monson, and Donald L. Van Dyne. (1992). “Financial incentives needed to encourage adoption of sustainable agriculture” /Special project report, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Missouri, Columbia, Mo.

Kelly I. (2003). The Contribution of Agricultural Research to European Competitiveness. / In: NATO Advanced Training Cource on Ecological Agriculture, Hamburg, 1-3 December 2003. P. 101-123. Hamburg.

Kociszewska I., Nowak A. (2004). Opportunities for the development of Polish organic agriculture against the background of experience in the EU countries. / In: The Series “Economics and the Environment”. No.32. Ecological agriculture in Central and Eastern Europe. Opole. P.70-87.

Lockeretz, W. (1988). Open questions in sustainable agriculture. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture. 3, pp.174-181.  

MacGillivray A., Zadek S. (1995). Accounting for Change – Indicators for Sustainable Development. New Economic Foundation, London.

Maciag J. (1996). Zrodla i perspectywy turystyki wiejskiej. Od wywczasiw do agroturystyki // Wies i Rolnictwo N 3.

Marsh J. S. (1997). The policy approach to sustainable farming systems in the EU // Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. Nr. 64. P. 103-114.

Munasinghe, M. (1993). Environmental Economics and Sustainable Development. Washington, D. C.

Norms (2004). IFOAM Basic standards for Organic production and processing. /  

North D. C. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge.

OECD. (1995). Sustainable Agriculture: Concepts, Issues and Policies in OECD Countries. OECD Publications, Paris.

OECD. (1997) Environmental Indicators for Agriculture. OECD Publications. Paris.

Organic Farming in Europe – Provisional Statistics 2001 (2001). / 

Our Common Future (1987).  / World Commission on Environment and Development. London, New York. 

Padel, S. and N. Lampkin (1994) Farm-level performance of Organic Farming Systems: An Overview. In Lampkin, N. and Padel (eds.), The Economics of Organic Farming. Wallingford: CAB International, 201-221.

Pearce D. W. (1993a). Blueprint 3 – Measuring sustainable development. Earthscan, London.

Pearce D. W. (1993b). Economic Values and the Natural World. London.

Pearce D. W. (1995). Blueprint 4 – Capturing global environmental value. Earthscan, London.

Pearce D. W., Turner R. K. (1990). Economics of Natural Resources and the Environment. Baltimore.

Peet J. (1992). Energy and Ecological Economics of Sustainability. Inland Press, Washington D. C. and Covelo.

Pimentel, David, Lori McLaughlin, Andrew Zepp, Benjamin Lakitan, Tamara Kraus, Peter Kleinman, Fabius Vancini, V. John Roach, Ellen Graap, William W. Keeton, and Gape Selig. (1991). Handbook on Pest Management in Agriculture, Vol. I, D., Pimentel, Ed., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Planck, N. (1998). Green Gardens Grow. Time Magazine, Vol. 152, No. 8, August 24: 46-47.

Platje J. (2003) An analysis of trends and requirements for the development of sustainable agriculture in Poland. / In: NATO Advanced Training Cource on Ecological Agriculture, Hamburg, 1-3 December 2003. P. 18-41. Hamburg. 

Platje J., Veisland J. (2003). Call for papers for the third international conference on “Ecological Agriculture and Rural Development in Central and eastern Europe within the Framework of the Expansion of the European Union, hosted by the Opole University and the Civic Education project, Opole, Poland, 7-9 April 2003.

Repetto, Robert and Paul Faeth. (1990). The Economics of Sustainable Agriculture, World Resources Institute, Washington, DC.

Schulze Pals, L. (1994). Okonomische Analyse der Umstellung auf okologischen Landbau. Munster: Landwirtschaftsverlag GmbH. Schriftenreihe des BMELF, Reihe A, Angewandte Wissenschaft, Heft 436.

Smit, B. and J. Smithers. (1993). Sustainable agriculture: interpretations, analyses and prospects. Canadian Journal of Regional Science/Revue. 16(3):499-524.

Solow R. M. (1974). Intergenerational equity and exhaustible resources./ Rev. Econ. Stud. Symp. P. 29-45.

Solow, R. M. (1986). On the intergenerational allocation of exhaustible resources //Scandinavian Journal of Economics.  Nr. 88 (2).  P. 141-156.

Spangenberg, J. H., Pfahl, S., Deller, K. (1999). Indicators for institutional sustainability. /In: I. Malkina-Pykh (Ed.), Indices and Indicators of Sustainable Development: A System Approach. Proceedings of the Second Biannual INDEX Conference, St. Petersburg, Oxford.

Tietenberg T. (1984). Environmental and Natural Resource Economics. Glenview, IL.

Tschirley J. B. (1997). The Use of Indicators in Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development: Considerations for Developing Countires. /In: Moldan B., Billharz S. (Eds.). Ssuitainability Indicators. John Willey and Sons, New York.

Ulcak Z., Pall J. (1999). Indicators of Agricultural Sustainability – Plessing or Punishment? // Acta Universitatis Carolinae Environmentica. Nr. 13. P. 111-117.

van Pelt M. J. F., Kuyvenhoven A., Nijkamp P. (1995). Environmental Sustainability: Issues of Definition and Measurement // Int. J. Environment and Pollution. Nr. 3. P. 204-223.  

Webster J. P. G. (1997). Assessing the economic consequences of sustainability in agriculture // Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. Nr. 64. P. 95-102.

Worstell, J.V. (1995). “Southern futures: opportunities for sustainable agricultural systems” /Special Report, Delta Land and Community, Inc. Almyra, Ar.

Prof. Habil. Dr. Dainora Grundey

Kaunas Faculty of Humanities, Vilnius University 

Muitinės g. 8, 44280 Kaunas, Lithuania

Tel. +370  37 425 462, fax: +370 37 423 222;