Journal of Scientific Papers


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN 2071-789X

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Strike Plagiarism

  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




The metacognitive self: The role of motivation and an updated measurement tool

Vol. 12, No 1, 2019

Hanna Brycz,


University of Gdansk,

Gdańsk, Poland,


The metacognitive self: The role of motivation and an updated measurement tool


Roman Konarski,


University of Gdańsk, 



Paweł Kleka,


Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznań, Poland


Rex Wright,


University of North Texas,





Abstract. The aim of this article is to present the theoretical motivational background regarding metacognitive self, which is being aware of how biases and psychological rules (like classic conditional) influence one’s own behavior. Based on this framework, we used a Polish nationwide representative sample to create a reliable tool (the first study: n = 1200, the next study n = 600, Partner in Business Strategy Company as an external contractor, who served as data collector). Until now, the MCSQ-40 questionnaire has been used. After modification – changing the continuous scale into a 6-point scale – and a survey of a representative sample of the Poles, a single-factor structure of metacognitive self was developed, and 21 items out of 40 previously used were selected. This resulted in developing a new tool: MCSQ-21. We assessed the congruent and concurrent validity of this instrument.


Received: November, 2018

1st Revision: December, 2018

Accepted: February, 2019


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2019/12-1/12

JEL ClassificationD02, O17, P31

Keywords: metacognition, biases, motivation, metacognitive self, tool to measure metacognitive self, MCSQ-21