Journal of Scientific Papers


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ISSN 2071-789X

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  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Sustainable agriculture & energy in the U.S.: A link between ethanol production and the acreage for corn

Vol. 13, No 3, 2020

Duc Hong Vo


Ho Chi Minh City Open University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam


ORCID 0000-0001-7823-0349

Sustainable agriculture & energy in the U.S.: A link between ethanol production and the acreage for corn




Abstract. The world has been witnessing the dual crises from the Covid-19 pandemic since 2019: (i) the economic crisis; and (ii) the health crisis. During crisis, it is important to revisit the sustainability of two of the most important policies on agriculture and energy for any country. Corn has played an increasingly important role in the U.S. agricultural market. As of 2018, corn accounts for about 95 per cent of the U.S. total feed grain. As such, corn is generally placed at the centre of the policies on agriculture in the U.S. The primary reason for the rise in corn production and use is due to the expansion of ethanol production. This expansion pushes corn prices to increase and provides an incentive for people to enlarge corn acreage. In addition, ethanol production has rapidly expanded over the last few decades in the U.S. Corn ethanol is expected to be a viable alternative for oil. We consider that the expansion of ethanol and corn production has many consequences. Corn price and the prices of many agricultural commodities have dramatically increased during the last decade. In this paper, the Auto Regressive Distributed Lags (ARDL) technique together with the bounds test and the estimation of short-run and long-run elasticity are utilized for the 1980-2018 period using the U.S. data. Empirical results from our paper confirm the long-run relationships between corn used in ethanol and the acreage for corn. In addition, results from our analyses support the view that the expansion of corn ethanol is a key reason behind the increase in corn acreage. We also consider that the increase in demand for corn used in ethanol production is more likely to affect the acreage. This finding implies the important role of ethanol production and expansion in the change of land use in the U.S.


Received: December, 2019

1st Revision: June, 2020

Accepted: September, 2020


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2020/13-3/16

JEL ClassificationQ11, Q18, Q24

Keywords: corn, bio-ethanol production, acreage, auto-regressive distributed lags, sustainable agriculture & energy, The U.S.