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  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

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    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




The influence of migration on the labour market status in Western European countries

Vol. 14, No 3, 2021

Main Al-Dalahmeh


University of Debrecen, 

Károly Ihrig Doctoral School of Management and Business, Debrecen, Hungary


ORCID 0000-0002-7761-1470

The influence of migration on the labour market status in Western European countries


Krisztina Dajnoki*


University of Debrecen, Faculty of Economics and Business, Institute of Management and Organization Sciences, Debrecen, Hungary


*Corresponding author

ORCID 0000-0002-3340-5069



Abstract. The purpose of the study is to indicate nativity status differences (native-born and foreign-born) by gender based on labour market status. The primary objective is to explore the labour market status differences in terms of nativity status based on a gender perspective of labour status. A quantitative research approach was applied to this study. Linear Regression analysis and Trend Analyses are used to emphasize the relationship between the native-born males/females and the foreign-born males/females in the labour market status as employed, unemployed and inactive. This study aims to answer which is higher in the case of native-born and foreign-born female/male employed, unemployed, and participation rates in Western-European countries. Data was collected from OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) migration databases between 2014 and 2018 for Western European countries. It has been found that in the chosen countries, there is a linear relationship between native-born males/females and foreign-born males/females in most of the cases. If one side increases in terms of employed status or unemployed status, the other side also increases due to the existence of a significant and positive linear relationship. The findings suggest that this study implies that destination countries should create good labour market legislation to reduce the number of unemployed among both migrants and the native-born population. As very few studies have investigated gender differences in migration, this study gives a different perspective on the subject by comparing the same-gender relationship in the nativity status of the labour market.


Received: October, 2020

1st Revision: June, 2021

Accepted: September, 2021


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2021/14-3/16

JEL ClassificationJ01, J08, J14, J15, J40

Keywords: labour, migration, immigration, gender, linear regression