Journal of Scientific Papers


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ISSN 2071-789X

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  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Gender gap decomposition in employment rate of young people

Vol. 16, No 1, 2023

M. Consuelo Colom Andrés


University of Valencia,

Valencia, Spain


ORCID 0000-0002-1923-7273


Gender gap decomposition in employment rate of young people


M. Cruz Molés Machí


University of Valencia,

Valencia, Spain


ORCID 0000-0003-3828-2237


Abstract. Differences in behavior between women and men have long been observed in the labor market. Occupational segregation, lack of equal opportunities and lower wages are still linked to the lower opportunity cost that leaving the labor market implies for women. In this paper we analyze, using decomposition techniques, the gap in the employment rate between young women and men. These techniques allow us to separate the weight of observed characteristics from the weight of preferences or unobserved factors. Our results reveal that both types of factors are relevant in the gender gap in the employment rate. Preferences or unobserved factors, such as the different perception that both genders have of family and involvement of women in housework, which leads to greater female labor abandonment, are likely to be behind the gender gap in the case of already having job.


Received: May, 2022

1st Revision: December, 2022

Accepted: January, 2023


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2023/16-1/5

JEL ClassificationJ16, J21, C25

Keywords: gender gap, employment rate, multilevel logit model, decomposition techniques