Journal of Scientific Papers


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN 2071-789X

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Strike Plagiarism

  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Sense of fairness or hunger for revenge? It does make a difference

Vol. 16, No 1, 2023

Mihály Ormos


Eötvös Loránd University,

Budapest, Hungary and

John von Neumann University

Kecskemét, Hungary


ORCID: 0000-0002-3224-7636


Sense of fairness or hunger for revenge? It does make a difference


Dusán Timotity


WorldQuant LLC,

Budapest, Hungary



Abstract. We analyze the driving factors of anomalistic patterns found in experimental studies related to bargaining games. In particular, we investigate whether the well-documented deviation from self-interested behavior can be partly, or entirely, attributed to revenge rather than fairness. Although, in general, related literature does not distinguish between the two latter notions, we highlight their differences and show that revenge significantly, and independently from the sense of fairness, contributes to decision-making in ultimatum games. Moreover, we show that, when controlling for various attributes, the hunger for revenge becomes the sole driving factor for both positively and negatively reciprocal behavior, rendering the sense of fairness insignificant. Our further cross-sectional analysis yields that gender differences are also very significant; however, the measured effects of fairness and revenge remain unaffected by this latter finding.


Received: March, 2022

1st Revision: January, 2023

Accepted: March, 2023


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2023/16-1/13

JEL ClassificationC71, C91

Keywords: ultimatum game, bargaining game, reciprocal behavior, revenge, fairness, gender differences