Journal of Scientific Papers


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ISSN 2071-789X

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  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Urbanization and climate change: Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) and STIRPAT analysis for Turkey

Vol. 16, No 1, 2023

Mortaza Ojaghlou


Istanbul Aydın University,

İstanbul, Turkey


ORCID 0000-0003-4580-6182


Urbanization and climate change: Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) and STIRPAT analysis for Turkey


Erginbay Uğurlu


Istanbul Aydın University,

İstanbul, Turkey


ORCID 0000-0002-1297-1993


Abstract. Urbanization and CO2 emissions have become major environmental concerns that are closely related to climate change and sustainable economic growth. The goal of this paper is to investigate the long-run relationship between CO2 emissions, urbanization, and achieving sustainable development in Turkey from 1990 to 2020. The STIRPAT hypothesis and the Environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis are employed in the article. The findings indicate that there is a long-run relationship between the variables of the STIRPAT model: the coefficient of economic activities and urbanization affects CO2 emission positively. This means that urbanization and the expansion of economic activity have a significant impact on environmental degradation. These results are also confirmed by the N-shaped Environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) that is detected for Turkey.


Received: January, 2022

1st Revision: June, 2022

Accepted: January, 2023


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2023/16-1/16

JEL ClassificationQ43, Q56, Q51, C01, C13

Keywords: STIRPAT, ImPACT, CO2 emissions, energy, Environmental Kuznets curve