Journal of Scientific Papers


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ISSN 2071-789X

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  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Perceptions of the socioeconomic effects of Venezuelan migration among informal traders in Cartagena de Indias (Colombia)

Vol. 16, No 3, 2023

Francisco Javier Maza-Avila


University of Cartagena,

Cartagena, Colombia


ORCID 0000-0002-3936-8246


Perceptions of the socioeconomic effects of Venezuelan migration among informal traders in Cartagena de Indias (Colombia)


María del Carmen Pérez-González


University of Cadiz

Cadiz, Spain


ORCID 0000-0002-3028-5268

Juan Carlos Vergara-Schmalbach


University of Cartagena

Cartagena, Colombia


ORCID 0000-0002-7240-6427


Abstract. The aim of this article is to analyse the impact of knowledge of Venezuelan migration and of the perceived socioeconomic effects of this migration on the perceptions held by Colombians engaging in informal commercial activities in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia, and on the strategies that they adopt to ensure the survival of their informal businesses. A structural equation model was developed based on data from a questionnaire administered to a representative sample of 301 informal traders in the historic centre and beach area in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia. The application of a causal theoretical model allowed the main factors affecting perceptions of migration from Venezuela among Colombian-born informal traders to be assessed. The research results indicated that the variables Knowledge of Venezuelan migration (COM), Social effects of migration (ESM) and Economic effects of migration (EEM) have significant correlation with Perceptions of Venezuelan migration (PHM). Moreover, Economic effects of migration (EEM) correlate significantly with Strategies and actions implemented by informal traders to ensure the survival of their businesses (EAI). The obtained results can be used to develop targeted action plans to contribute to improving these perceptions.


Received: November, 2022

1st Revision: June, 2023

Accepted: August, 2023


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2023/16-3/15

JEL ClassificationC12, C35, F22, J61

Keywords: socioeconomic effects, Venezuelan migration, perceptions, structural equations, Cartagena de Indias