Journal of Scientific Papers


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ISSN 2071-789X

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  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




University-industry collaboration in R&D to reduce the informal economy and strengthen sustainable development

Vol. 16, No 3, 2023

Anastasiia Samoilikova


Sumy State University,

Sumy, Ukraine


ORCID 0000-0001-8639-5282


University-industry collaboration in R&D to reduce the informal economy and strengthen sustainable development


Mariusz Kuryłowicz


Academy of Justice, 

Warsaw, Poland


ORCID: 0000-0001-8995-6516

Serhiy Lyeonov


Sumy State University,

Sumy, Ukraine


ORCID 0000-0001-5639-3008

László Vasa


Széchenyi István University 



ORCID 0000-0002-3805-0244


Abstract. University-industry collaboration in R&D has great potential as a partnership that promotes sustainable development. This article aims to confirm that university-industry collaboration in R&D contributes to reducing the size of informal economy and strengthening sustainable development. Correlation and causal analysis are applied to achieve this goal: Shapiro-Wilk test, Pearson’s and Spearman correlation methods, vector autoregression and Granger causality test are used on the basis of STATA software for a cross-country sample of 10 countries with the highest Sustainable Development Index over 2011-2018. Research results show that stronger university-industry R&D collaboration contributes to more robust sustainable development in 6 out of 10 sample countries and shrinking informal economy in 4 out of 10 countries. In turn, growth of the informal economy leads to a decrease in university-industry R&D collaboration in 5 out of 10 countries and inhibits sustainable development in 7 out of 10 countries. In conclusion, policymakers should transform the national policy and strategy to emphasize and strengthen R&D cooperation between the universities and the industry.


Received: December, 2022

1st Revision: March, 2023

Accepted: June, 2023


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2023/16-3/18

JEL ClassificationI23, O17, Q01

Keywords: business, education, informal sector, partnership, R&D cooperation, R&D investment, SDG