Journal of Scientific Papers


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ISSN 2071-789X

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Strike Plagiarism

  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Investigation of accounting manipulation using the Beneish model: Hungarian case

Vol. 16, No 4, 2023

Veronika Fenyves


Department of Controlling,

University of Debrecen,

Debrecen, Hungary


ORCID 0000-0002-8737-0666


Investigation of accounting manipulation using the Beneish model: Hungarian case


Tomasz Pisula


Faculty of Management,

Rzeszów University of Technology,

Rzeszów, Poland


ORCID 0000-0001-7111-9955

Tibor Tarnoczi


Department of Finance,

University of Debrecen,

Debrecen, Hungary


ORCID 0000-0002-5655-6871


Abstract. The study examined the manipulation level of Hungarian corporate financial statements using Beneish’s M-score model with eight variables between 2017 and 2021. The research also investigated whether the financial statement manipulations depend on the type of sector, company size and age, and region. The research sample was comprised of 32,024 financial statements each year. Statistical tests were used to compare the M-score values of several groups. The proportion of companies with possibly manipulated financial statements varied between 46.43% and 51.67% in the five years. It can be concluded that the manipulation of Hungarian companies’ reports is very high. The analysis showed that the ratios of unlikely manipulated (UM) and likely manipulated (LM) reports were improved at size category 1-4, and size category five significantly improved. The comparison by regions revealed that the UM/LM indicator is lower in more developed regions than in less developed ones. The results draw the attention of government decision-makers to pay more attention to checking financial statements. In addition, it shows to the companies’ stakeholders that the reliability of the financial statements must also be considered during their decision preparations and risk assessment.


Received: April, 2023

1st Revision: October, 2023

Accepted: December, 2023


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2023/16-4/18

JEL ClassificationM41, M42, G30

Keywords: Beneish model, accounting manipulation, financial statements, Hungarian companies