Journal of Scientific Papers


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ISSN 2071-789X

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Strike Plagiarism

  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Competency Models and the Generational Diversity of a Company Workforce

Vol. 7, No 2, 2014


Małgorzata Baran


Collegium Civitas

Warsaw, Poland


Competency models

and the generational diversity of a company workforce


Monika Kłos


Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu w Pile

Piła, Poland



ABSTRACT. This paper aims to present an analysis of employee competencies across different generations, placing emphasis on their attitudes towards the labour market and future perspective concerning work, as determining factors in creating competence models encompassing employee diversity management.

A competence model is a set of competencies that stem from the company strategy and allows it to fulfil its goals in accordance with its values and an expected work style. It is one of the basic tools of human resource management, used in a wide variety of scenarios ranging from the recruitment of employees, shaping career paths, conducting training/development programmes and regular assessments, to designing motivational and pay schemes. The literature on the subject quotes many definitions of competencies, as well as examples of many contemporary competence models. Owing to their scope of interests, the authors decided to analyse selected competence models with regard to the manner in which “competences” are defined and the differences between employee-oriented and job-oriented models. The authors used G. Filipowicz’s approach (who created a combined definition of competences embedded in a coherent model) to create a research tool used to scrutinize the skills and attitudes of individuals coming from three different generations. The research results allowed the authors to draw conclusions concerning the avenues of designing competence management models of diverse employees (i.e. in respect of age and knowledge) by creating a suitable work environment, including a pro-effective organizational culture and building employee commitment – which will make it possible to create a new work model, tailored to the needs of individual companies.


Received: March, 2014

1st Revision: April, 2014

Accepted: May, 2014





JEL Classification: J24, J53, J54, J62

Keywords: generations, generational diversity, companies, labour management.