Journal of Scientific Papers


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ISSN 2071-789X

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  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




Determining factors in becoming a sustainable smart city: An empirical study in Europe

Vol. 13, No 1, 2020

María Teresa Nevado Gil


University of Extremadura, Facultad de Empresas, Finanzas y Turismo, Cáceres, Spain


ORCID 0000-0002-4924-0908

Determining factors in becoming a sustainable smart city: An empirical study in Europe


Luísa Carvalho


Institute Polytechnic of Setúbal, School of Business and Administration, Setúbal & CEFAGE-University of Évora, Portugal


ORCID 0000-0002-9804-7813

Inna Paiva


Instituto Universitário de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL), Lisboa, Portugal


ORCID 0000-0002-9980-7503



Abstract. This paper aims firstly to identify differences and similarities between cities according to the activities which are necessary to become a smart city and secondly to identify relevant factors that could influence positions in the smart cities ranking. To achieve these goals, this study uses a quantitative analysis applied to 73 European cities to identify the factors that influence differences between smart cities. The results suggest the formation of clusters around European smart cities and also that cities located geographically in the west of Europe and with governance by women present higher levels in the European Smart Cities rankings.


Received: August, 2019

1st Revision: October, 2019

Accepted: February, 2020


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2020/13-1/2

JEL ClassificationH0, H70, O10, Q56

Keywords: smart cities, Europe, sustainability, factors