Journal of Scientific Papers


© CSR, 2008-2019
ISSN 2071-789X

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  • General Founder and Publisher:

    Centre of Sociological Research


  • Publishing Partners:

    University of Szczecin (Poland)

    Széchenyi István University, (Hungary)

    Mykolas Romeris University (Lithuania)

    Alexander Dubcek University of Trencín (Slovak Republic)

  • Membership:

    American Sociological Association

    European Sociological Association

    World Economics Association (WEA)




The EPL index, youth unemployment and emigration within the EU

Vol. 15, No 3, 2022

Zuzana Potužáková


Technical University of Liberec

Liberec, Czechia


ORCID 0000-0003-1007-6730


The EPL index, youth unemployment and emigration within the EU


Diana Bílková


University of Economics

Prague, Czechia


ORCID 0000-0001-9871-0882


Abstract. This article focuses on analysing the link between the rigidity of labour markets, the youth unemployment rate and the number of emigrants in the 19-30 age group within the EU in the years 2009-2020. The calculations show a very strong link (0.91-0.95) between the EPL index and the youth unemployment rate during the observed period. The nexus between youth unemployment and youth migration is confirmed as well. The linear dependence fluctuated between 0.61 and 0.65 in the same period. Furthermore, the correlation between total unemployment and total emigration reached up to 0.85 in the post-crisis period. The labour market rigidity and the EPL strictness can have, therefore, several effects; in addition to youth unemployment and youth emigration, total emigration is stimulated as well.


Received: November, 2021

1st Revision: July, 2022

Accepted: September, 2022


DOI: 10.14254/2071-789X.2022/15-3/16

JEL ClassificationJ11, J61

Keywords: employment protection (EPL), EU Member States, internationalization, migration, youth unemployment rate